Celibacy

The compulsory celibacy of the *clergy was abolished in Protestant England in 1549. However, the Church of Rome had been trying for several centuries to impose it and was close to success when England defaulted. A *decretal issued by Pope Siricius in 386 confirmed earlier attempts to ensure all senior clergy should be celibate. The celibacy of monks in their monasteries was broadly adhered to in the early years, between the 7c and 9c; again during the reform years after 1000 the rule applied. The Lateran Council of 1139 declared all clerical marriages both unlawful and invalid. [< Lat. caelibatus = unmarried, a bachelor]

Dictionary of Medieval Terms and Phrases. .

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  • Celibacy — refers to the lack of participation in sexual intercourse. A vow of celibacy is a promise not to have sex and not to enter into marriage. The term involuntary celibacy has recently appeared to describe a chronic, unwilling state of celibacy.… …   Wikipedia

  • Celibacy — Ce*lib a*cy, n. [See {Celibate}, n.] The state of being unmarried; single life, esp. that of a bachelor, or of one bound by vows not to marry. The celibacy of the clergy. Hallom. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • celibacy — 1660s, formed in English from L. caelibatus state of being unmarried, from cælebs unmarried, probably from PIE root *kaiwelo alone + lib(h)s living …   Etymology dictionary

  • celibacy — [n] abstinence from sexual activity abstention, chastity, continence, frigidity, impotence, maidenhood, purity, singleness, virginity, virtue; concept 388 Ant. promiscuousness …   New thesaurus

  • celibacy — [sel′ə bə sē] n. [< CELIBA(TE) + CY] 1. the state of being unmarried, esp. that of a person under a vow not to marry 2. complete sexual abstinence …   English World dictionary

  • celibacy — celibatic /sel euh bat ik/, adj. /sel euh beuh see/, n. 1. abstention from sexual relations. 2. abstention by vow from marriage: the celibacy of priests. 3. the state of being unmarried. [1655 65; < L caeliba(tus) celibacy (caelib , s. of caelebs …   Universalium

  • CELIBACY — The deliberate renunciation of marriage is all but completely alien to Judaism. Scarcely any references to celibates are to be found in the Bible or in the Talmud, and no medieval rabbi is known to have lived as a celibate (see L. Loew ,… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Celibacy — (Roget s Thesaurus) < N PARAG:Celibacy >N GRP: N 1 Sgm: N 1 celibacy celibacy singleness single blessedness Sgm: N 1 bachelorhood bachelorhood bachelorship Sgm: N 1 misogamy misogamy misogyny GRP: N 2 Sgm: N 2 virginity …   English dictionary for students

  • celibacy — n. to practice celibacy * * * [ selɪbəsɪ] to practice celibacy …   Combinatory dictionary

  • celibacy — I (New American Roget s College Thesaurus) Unmarried state Nouns 1. celibacy, singleness, single blessedness; bachelorhood, bachelorship, spinsterhood; misogamy, misogyny; virginity, pucelage, maidenhood; chastity, continence, sexual abstinence.… …   English dictionary for students

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